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Atrocities in Afghanistan

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By: Kathy Kelly and Dan Pearson

Peace activists can hasten an end to the US war in Afghanistan by demanding a timetable for US military withdrawal. A bill in the US Congress introduced by Reps. James McGovern and Walter Jones, requires such a timetable. In the Senate, a similar bill has been introduced by Sen. Russ Feingold. Arguments in favor of a timetable for withdrawal of US forces from Afghanistan should include readiness to examine disturbing patterns of misinformation regarding US/NATO attacks against Afghan civilians.

It is worth noting that even Gen. Stanley McChrystal acknowledges that US forces have killed civilians who meant them no harm. During a biweekly videoconference with US soldiers in Afghanistan, he was quite candid. “We’ve shot an amazing number of people and killed a number and, to my knowledge, none has proven to have been a real threat to the force,” said General McChrystal. “To my knowledge, in the nine-plus months I’ve been here, not a single case where we have engaged in an escalation of force incident and hurt someone has it turned out that the vehicle had a suicide bomb or weapons in it and, in many cases, had families in it.”

Those families and individuals that McChrystal refers to should be our primary concern. We should try to imagine the sorrow and horror afflicting each individual whose tragic story is told in the “timetable” of atrocities committed against innocent people. How can we compensate people who have endured three decades of warfare, whose land has been so ravaged that, according to noted researcher Alfred McCoy, it would cost $34 billion to restore their agricultural infrastructure? We should notify our elected representatives that the $33 billion supplemental funding bill sought by the Obama administration to pay for US wars in Afghanistan and Iraq could be directed toward helping Afghanistan replant its orchards, replenish its flocks and rebuild its irrigation systems. We should insist on an end to atrocities like those which follow.

The list below describes, in part, the suffering and agony that people in Afghanistan have endured since April 2009. To focus on this list doesn’t excuse atrocities committed by Taliban fighters. It does indicate our own responsibility to urgently educate others and ourselves about a deeply disturbing pattern: US/NATO officials first distribute misleading information about victims of an attack and later acknowledge that the victims were unarmed civilians.

Date: April 9, 2009
Place: Khost Province, Ali Daya

Circumstances: US forces were positioned on the rooftop opposite the home of Brigadier Artillery Officer Awal Khan. In a night raid, US forces burst into Khan’s home. He was away at the time. His family members ran to the rooftop, believing robbers had entered the home. When they emerged on their rooftop, US forces on the opposite roof opened fire, killing Khan’s wife, his brother, his 17 year-old daughter Nadia and his fifteen year-old son, Aimal and his infant son, born just a week earlier.

US/NATO initial response: April 9, 2010, coalition forces issued a statement that the four people killed by troops were “armed militants.” Later that same day another statement admitted that further inquiries “suggest that the people killed and wounded were not enemy combatants as previously reported.”

US/NATO acknowledgement that the people killed were unarmed civilians: The Times of London reported the following, on April 11, 2009:

The US military conceded that its forces killed the civilians in error during the nighttime raid that targeted the neighboring compound of a suspected militant. The father of the dead family is a lieutenant-colonel in the Afghan Army fighting the Taliban in the restive province of Ghazni.
The US military reported that two males, two females and an infant were believed to have died in the incident, and two other women were wounded. A relative of the dead family told reporters that the dead infant was a boy born last week. “This was a terrible tragedy,” a US spokesman, Col. Greg Julian, told The Times.

Date: December 26, 2009
Place: Kunar Province

Circumstances: In a night raid, US forces, claiming to attack a bomb-making factory, attacked a house where eight youth, ages 11-18, were sleeping. They pulled the youngsters out of their beds, handcuffed them and executed them. Villagers said that seven of those killed were students and one was a neighboring shepherd.

US/NATO acknowledgement that the people killed were unarmed civilians:

February 24, 2010 – US forces issued an apology, admitting that the US had killed seven schoolboys and a neighboring shepherd.

Date: February 2010
Place: Helmand Province

During this month, US/NATO forces launched a military offensive against three hamlets in the Marja district. Researcher Professor Marc Herold presents a detailed summary and analysis of Afghan civilians killed directly by U.S/NATO forces during this particular month.

Date: February 12, 2010
Place: Paktika Province

Circumstances: In a night raid, US forces attacked a home where 25 people, three of them musicians, had gathered for a naming celebration. A newborn was being named that night. One of the musicians went outside to relieve himself. A flashlight shone in his face. Panicked, he ran inside and announced that the Taliban were outside. A police commander, Dawoud, the father of the newborn, ran outside with his weapon. US forces opened fire, killing Officer Dawoud, a pregnant mother, an 18-year-old, Gulaila, and two others.

US/NATO initial response: February 12, 2010 – US forces claimed that the women had been killed earlier, in an honor killing. Nato’s initial press release bore the headline: “Joint Force Operating in Gardez Makes Gruesome Discovery.” The release said that after “intelligence confirmed militant activity” in a compound near a village in Paktika province, an international security force entered the compound and engaged “several insurgents” in a firefight. Two “insurgents” were killed, the report said, and after the joint forces entered the compound, they “found the bodies of three women who had been tied up, gagged and killed.”

March 16, 2010 – The UN issued a scathing report, stating that the US had killed the women. Villagers told Jerome Starkey, reporting for the Independent, that US troops tried to tamper with evidence by digging bullets out of the womens’ bodies and out of the walls.

US/NATO acknowledgement that the people killed were unarmed civilians:

April 6, 2010 – Almost two months later, the Pentagon was finally forced to admit that international forces had badly bungled the raid that night in Paktika, and that US troops had, in fact, killed the women during their assault on the residence. One of the women was a pregnant mother of ten, and the other was a pregnant mother of six children.

Date: February 21, 2010
Place: Convoy en route to Kandehar

Circumstances: US aerial forces attacked a three-car convoy traveling to a market in Kandehar. The convoy had planned on continuing to Kabul so that some of the passengers could get medical treatment. At least three dozen people were passengers in the three cars. The front car was an SUV type vehicle, and the last was a Land Cruiser. When the first car was hit by US air fire, women in the second car jumped out and waved their scarves to indicate that they were civilians. US helicopters continued to fire rockets and machine guns, killing 21 people and wounding 13.

US/NATO initial response: February 22, 2010 – The day after the attack, the US-led military coalition said that NATO forces had fired on a group of “suspected insurgents” who were thought to be on their way to attack Afghan and coalition soldiers a few miles away. When troops arrived after the helicopter strike, they discovered women and children among the dead and wounded.

US /NATO acknowledgement that the people killed were unarmed civilians: February 24, 2010 – General Stanley McChrystal delivered a videotaped apology.

Date: April 12, 2010
Place: Kandahar

Circumstances: According to The New York Times, “American troops raked a large passenger bus with gunfire near Kandahar on Monday morning, (April 12).” The attack killed five civilians and wounded 18.

Initial US/NATO response: A statement issued by the American-led military command in Kabul said four people were killed. It said “an unknown, large vehicle” drove “at a high rate of speed” toward a slow-moving NATO convoy that was clearing mines.

US/NATO acknowledgement that the people killed were unarmed civilians: April 12, 2010 – “ISAF deeply regrets the tragic loss of life in Zhari district this morning. According to ISAF operational reporting, four civilians were killed, including one female, and five others were treated for injuries at the scene of the incident today. Upon inspection, NATO forces discovered the vehicle to be a passenger bus.”

April 13, 2010 – The New York Times reported that “a military spokeswoman confirmed that a convoy traveling west, in front of the bus, opened fire, but said the second convoy was traveling east toward the passenger bus. She also said the driver of the bus was killed. A survivor, however, identified himself as the driver and said he did not violate any signal from the troops. ‘I was going to take the bus off the road,’ said the man, Mohammed Nabi. ‘Then the convoy ahead opened fire from 60 to 70 yards away,’ he said.”

Date: April 20, 2010
Place: Khost Province

Circumstances: A NATO military convoy attacked a car approaching a checkpoint, claiming that the car sped up after being warned to stop. Four young men were killed. According to The New York Times, “The shooting Monday night in Khost province sparked an immediate outcry from the victims’ family, who insisted that all four were civilians driving home from a volleyball game. ‘The youngest boy was just 13,’ said Rahmatullah Mansour, whose two sons and two nephews were killed in the shooting. Mansour said that the victims in Monday’s shooting were his sons Faizullah, 13, and Nasratullah, 17; and nephews Maiwand and Amirullah, both 18. He said all were students except Amirullah, who was a police officer.”

Initial US/NATO response: April 21, 2010 – From The New York Times: “Without offering proof, NATO described the dead as two insurgents and their “associates.” In a statement on Tuesday, NATO said the vehicle ignored warning shots and accelerated toward the military convoy. But the statement did not challenge the Afghan account that no weapons were found in the vehicle.”

US/NATO acknowledgement that the people killed were unarmed civilians: April 22, 2010 – NATO acknowledged Wednesday that four unarmed Afghans who were killed this week when a military convoy opened fire on their vehicle were all civilians, correcting an earlier claim that two of the dead were ”known insurgents.”

Date: April 28, 2010
Place: Surkh Rod district, near Jalalabad

Circumstances: According to Safiya Sidiqi, a member of the Afghan Parliament, dozens of Afghan and US soldiers entered her family home, blindfolded and handcuffed men and women, and killed her brother-in-law, Amanullah, a 30-year-old car mechanic with five children. “They shot him six times. In his heart, in his face, in his head,” Sidiqi said on Thursday, April 29. Both legs were broken.

Initial US/NATO response: April 29, 2010 – An Afghan-international security force killed one armed individual while pursuing a Taliban facilitator in Nangarhar last night.

US/NATO acknowledgement that the person killed was an unarmed civilian: None, as yet. The case is still under investigation.

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The War on Afghan Civilians

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By DAVE LINDORFF

Three months after it initially lied about the murder by US forces of eight high school students and a 12-year-old shepherd boy in Afghanistan, and a month after it lied about the slaughter by US forces of an Afghan police commander, a government prosecutor, two of their pregnant wives and a teenage daughter, the US military has been forced to admit (thanks in no small part to the excellent investigative reporting of Jerome Starkey of the London Times), that these and other atrocities were the work of American Special Forces, working in conjunction with “specially trained” (by the US) units of the Afghan Army.

Gen. Stanley McChrystal, the commander of the US war effort in Afghanistan, is he is taking over “direct charge” of Special Forces operations because of “concern” that they were not following his orders to make limiting civilian casualties a “paramount” objective. McChrystal is quoted as saying the US military “carries the burden of the guilt” for the “mistakes” made by those Special Forces.

This has to be a sick joke. These incidents were not mistakes; they were planned actions. It’s all the sicker because we know that the US is busy training the Afghan Army to take over this kind of dirty work. And besides, even if McChrystal does assume direct command over Special Forces, that would leave unaccounted for the tens of thousands of private mercenary units hired by the US who are working completely in the shadows for the CIA or other organizations. (One such group hired buy the Defense Department, which posed as an intelligence-gathering operation, was recently exposed as actually being a privately run death squad.)

McChrystal, recall, was in charge of a huge and brutal death squad operation in Iraq before he was given his new assignment in Afghanistan, and at the time he was put in charge of the Afghanistan War, it was reported that he was planning to put in place a similar operation in Afghanistan, designed to take out the Taliban leadership in the country.

What we have been seeing in Afghanistan–and this goes way back to before the appointment of McChrystal, or even the election of President Barack Obama, and his subsequent escalation of the war–has been a vicious campaign of terror against the Afghan people.

It should be no surprise that this is so. It is the way the US has always done counterinsurgency. In a war in which the insurgents (or patriots, if you will–the people fighting against foreign occupiers, or in out case, the US) are a part of the people, and American forces are the invaders, the goal is to drive a wedge between those fighters and the rest of the population.

In Pentagon propaganda, this is referred to as “winning the hearts and minds” of the people, but in reality, the US military doesn’t give a damn about hearts and minds. It simply wants the people to become unwilling to hide or support the enemy fighters it is facing. If it can accomplish that by making people afraid, then that is what it will do, and making people afraid is much easier than “winning hearts and minds.”

How do you make people afraid of supporting or hiding and protecting enemy fighters like the Taliban? You terrorize them. You bomb their homes. You conduct night raids on their homes. You bomb their weddings and their excursions to neighboring towns or markets. You shoot them when they get too close to your vehicles.

Statistics show that the US has, in both Iraq and now Afghanistan, routinely killed more civilians than actual enemy fighters. That tells us all we need to know about what is really going on. America is fighting a war of terror against the people of Afghanistan.

No amount of feigned public hand-wringing by the blood-stained Gen. McChrystal, or of assertions that he is going to assume direct control (from whom? are we to assume that they were operating without direction before?) of the Special Operations troops in the country, will alter that fact. Civilians–including especially women and children–in Afghanistan will continue to die in prodigious numbers because that is how the US fights its wars these days.

The people of Afghanistan know this. That’s why the majority of them want the US out of their country.

It’s Americans who don’t know the truth, and it’s Americans who are really the target of statements from the Pentagon and from Gen. McChrystal claiming that the US is taking steps, nine years into this war, to “reduce civilian casualties” in Afghanistan. It doesn’t help that news organizations like the New York Times propagate that propaganda, as the paper did today in a lead headline that said: “US is Reining in Special Forces in Afghanistan. General Takes Control. McChrystal has Raised Civilian Casualties as a Concern.” It simply wouldn’t do to tell Americans that their country is conducting a war of terror. We are supposed to be the good guys who are bringing peace and democracy to a benighted land.

So let’s just face the facts squarely. The US is not the good guy in Afghanistan. It is an agent of death and destruction. Just check out the town of Marjah, largely destroyed over the last few months in order to “save” it from a handful of Taliban fighters. Over 30 civilians died in that American show of force, and the message of those deaths was clear: allow the Taliban to operate in your town, and we’ll kill you–not just your men, but your wives and your children, too.

Written by rohitkumarsviews

March 19, 2010 at 6:55 am